The planets which are inimical to an individual
will give bad results during their Main Dasas (periods) or Antharas
(sub-periods) or during their transits (Gochara). The aspects of
life which generally receive such bad effects will be
(1) those for which they are Karakas (governed
by the planets),
(2) the aspects represented by the Bhavas which
are owned by the planets, and
(3) those represented by the Rasis (signs)
which are resided in or aspected by them.
The planets also cause miseries or problems according
to their Gochara (movements ) results. Depending on which
specific aspects of life are affected, one has to do Shanthis or Parikaras
(propitiatory actions to counter the ill effects) for the particular planet(s)
and its/their Lords.(Gods); this way of direct appeal to the concerned
planets and their Lords will give quick and timely results.
Indian Astrology associates the following planets
with the gods/goddesses as follows:
Sun: Lord Siva Moon: Goddess Parvathi Mars: Lord Karthikeya (Subramanya)
Mercury: MahaVishnu Jupiter: Lord Dakshinamurthi Venus: Mahalakshmi
Saturn: Lord Yama Rahu: Goddess Durga Kethu: Lord Ganesa or Indra
NAVAGRAHA STOTRA (PRAYER)
Links to Sanskrit Documents
ftp://jaguar.cs.utah.edu/private/sanskrit/navanew.itx ftp://jaguar.cs.utah.edu/private/sanskrit/navanew.ps ftp://jaguar.cs.utah.edu/private/sanskrit/navanew.gif ftp://jaguar.cs.utah.edu/private/sanskrit/sanskrit.html
Salutations Oh Lord in the form of Surya, the Lord
of the beautiful Chaya.
Oh illuminator of all infinite causes and effects
in the world, the Lord of Simha rasi. One whose effulgent lustre has
been praised by those of highest esteem, the bestower of benefits such
as good health.
Friend to the day-lotus, a friend to all, the
most resplendent one, the thousand-rayed, the father of Karna, the fire
swallowing dreadful sins, whose brilliance has delighted Guruguha,
one who is praised by the learned, the auspicious day-jewel, crest-jewel
to Chandra and other planets, worshipped by the energetic, the witness
to all actions, one who has the chariot drawn by the seven divine horses.
One whose principle nature is embedded in the eight-syllabled hymn of praise,
who is of golden hue, of the nature of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, and
who confers material benefits and spiritual emancipation.
(lit. 'shadow'), a substitute form of Samjna, wife
of Surya, who assumed this disguise to escape the heat of her husband
Hero of the Mahabharata who having sided with the
Kauravas against the Pandavas was killed by Arjuna at the battle of Kuruksetra
The power of the Vedas radiates forth in the form
of Surya, this power illuminates all darkness and destroys the sins of
A name for Subramanya (Skanda), son of Shiva who
became the teacher of the Gods [also Dikshitar's "pen name"]
This theme appears in numerous passages of the Vedas.
The Sun-temples of India are constructed along this theme, the most famous
being the Konarak temple in Orissa. The symbolism of the seven horses has
been explained in different ways; relating to the seven days of the week,
to the seven sacred metres of verse [See RV X130.4-5], and to the seven
colors of the solar spectrum. The seven horses at Konarak are named after
these colors: Rakta (red), Rocika (orange), Pita (yellow), Nila (blue),
Indra-nila (deep blue), Mocika (violet) and Shukla (white).
ref. to the 'gayatri' hymn addressed to the Vedic
solar god Savitr: "May we attain that excellent glory of Savitr the god,
so we may stimulate our prayers." [RV III.62.10] This is the most sacred
of Hindu hymns and is recited daily by all Brahmins.
Surya is considered to be a manifestation of Vishnu,
from whom all Gods were created. On rising he appears in the form of Brahma
(creator), at mid-day as Vishnu (preserver) and on setting as Rudra (dissolution).
This theme has its roots in the Vedic myth of Vishnu taking three steps
over the universe: "I will declare the mighty deeds of Vishnu, of him who
measured out the earthly regions. Who propped the highest place of congregation,
thrice setting down his footstep, widely striding." [RV I.154.1, also VII.99]
Mind, worship Chandra (pure and pleasing) who is
like the hearts of all good men.
(Worship Him) Always, the Lord of the stars
praised by the guardian deities of Indra and others, who moistens the
Earth, the one with sixteen digits, and rich in nectar.
(Worship Him) The ornament on Lord Shiva's crest,
the cool-rayed, the four-armed, the parasol of Madana, the night-maker,
the eye of Lord Venkatesa, mentally created by Virat, the inflictor
of suffering, the friend of the night-lotus, and the face of Lord Subramanya
who became the teacher of the creator. (Worship Him) Who bears the mark
of the hare, who was first cursed and later favored by Brhaspati, with
his white body shining bright in autumn, the wearer of armlets, bracelets,
necklace and crown, enemy of the day-lotus and a courteous lover of Rohini.
Lord of the 27 naksatras, the stars which oversee
the 27 lunar mansions of the zodiac. These are considered to be the wives
The Vedic God of thunderbolt and battle, the King
of the Gods who vanquishes demons of drought and darkness
The 16 lunar phases (kala)
The Vedic God Soma, the Moon, is the repository of
the rich soma nectar which is the ambrosial drink of the Gods. As this
nectar is derived from the Moon it moistens the Earth. The process of producing
soma is closely identified with the Moon. "As the Moon-God pours down his
ambrosial rain through the sieve of heaven he is addressed and worshipped
as pavamana (self-purifying), represented by the soma juice as it undergoes
purification by flowing through the wool which is used as a filter or strainer."
[RV IX.1] Most of the hymns of this Book are addressed to soma the nectar,
or Soma, or Indu the Moon.
The parasol symbolizes Chandra's role as a follower
and attendant to Madana ('infatuator'), the God of Love, also called Manmatha
('churner of the mind'), Kama ('desire') or Smara ('love').
The form of Shiva having three eyes, the Sun, Moon
and Fire, the three sources of light which illuminate the worlds. The eye
of Fire is the strongest. This looks inward on the forehead but when directed
outwards it can destroy all that appears before it.
The secondary creator virat-purusa, created by Brahman
as primeval man. "The Moon was engendered from his mind, and from his eye
the Sun had birth, Indra and Agni from his mouth were born, and Vayu (air)
from his breath. Forth from his navel came mid-air; the sky was fashioned
from his head; from Earth his feet and from his ear the regions. Thus they
formed the worlds." [RV X.90.13-14]
Chandra fell in love with Tara, the beautiful wife
of Brhaspati, and abducted her. There was a prolonged war between Chandra
and Brhaspati in which the Gods became involved. This ultimately resulted
in the defeat of Chandra and his separation from Tara. Thus Chandra has
come to be identified with the despair and suffering of separated lovers.
The surface markings on the Moon reveal in outline
form the figure of a hare. For this reason Chandra is sometimes referred
to as Shasha (hare).
The star Aldebaran, constellation Taurus; of the
27 naksatras Rohini is the favorite of Chandra
I take refuge again in Angaraka, the divine Mandara
tree to the humble dependent devotees, the presiding deity of Tuesday,
and the son of Earth.
Who is the Lord of the cherished houses of Mesa
and Vrischika, with red limbs, who wears the red dress and is the bearer
of the sword and trident. The auspicious one, with beautiful neck, with
lovely feet, bestower of auspiciousness, riding on the Goat, and whose
higher aspis is in Makara rasi.
Who is worshipped by Gods and demons, one with
the face beaming and smiling, bestower of landed wealth and brotherhood,
with red eyes, protector of the afflicted, worshipped in the holy Vaidisvaran
temple, and favored by the hosts of the Gods and Guruguha. Who is the
friend of Surya, Chandra and Brhaspati, shining with his good wife, and
his hands on his knees, having four arms, and who is quite extraordinary.
(lit. 'glowing charcoal'), also referred to as Mangala
A form of coral tree, one of the 'five divine trees'
(devataru) of the heaven of the gods: mandara, parijataka, santana, kalpavriksa
Constellations Aries and Scorpio
This shrine is located in the Tanjore area. It is
used for seeking good health and cure from diseases.
I always seek shelter in Budha who is worhipped by
the Gods, who is the son of Chandra and Tara.
Who is revered by the learned, and who brings
joy to Brahmins. Who is the bestower of the sweet art of poetry, the one
of splendorous wealth.
Who is brightly colored like saffron, whose form
gives delight to Guruguha, who is the enemy of Kuja, the wearer of gem-studded
crown, necklace, armlets and bracelets, Lord of the houses of Mithuna and
Kanya, with book in hand and who is neuter. Who is honored by
his attendants, is devoid of all evil, benefits the devotees of Shiva,
and is always joyous.
The illegitimate son of Chandra and Tara
ref. to Angaraka, the son of Shiva and Earth, as
'born of Earth'
Constellations Gemini and Virgo
Symbolic of the intelligence and wisdom of Budha
Having been born of an illicit love affair Budha
was cursed by Brhaspati and became neuter
Salutations Brhaspati! Lord of Tara, one who is born
Oh omnipresent one, Oh Lord of great strength,
Lord of speech, Lord of lovely Dhanus and Mina, whose form is adored
by Indra and the other Gods, and who is the great intellectual honored
by divinities like Madhava.
Oh most esteemed teacher of the Gods, wielder
of the thunderbolt, of auspicious markings, teacher of the three worlds,
one who is not affected by old age and the like, unexcitable, father of
Kaca, the divine Kalpataru for those who take refuge in Him, who
is a delight to Shiva and Guruguha, and the bestower of offspring, kin
to the distressed, the manifester of the four phases of speech, an ocean
of compassion. Who is devoid of all illness, the author of smrti, uncontrolled,
the Lord of the Universe, the untarnished one, who delights in the worlds
and is the bestower of vigor.
Also descended from the mind of virat-purusa (see
An epithet for the Vedic god Indra, Brhaspati or
Brahamanaspati is the 'Lord of Prayer'
Constellations Sagittarius and Pisces
Name for Vishnu in his incarnation as Krishna
In the Vedas Brhaspati is associated with the god
ref. to tripura, the three cities of the gods: "here
(Earth), heaven above Earth, and the spacious firmament" [RV I.6.10]
The son of Brhaspati who has sent to Shukra, leader
of the demons (asuras), to learn the secret for reviving the dead (see
The wish-yielding tree of Indra's paradise, the kalpavriksa
(see Angaraka); as a generous god Brhaspati is compared to the kalpavriksa
"The place where the idea originates... the first
impulse... is the 'voice beyond' (para-vac). The first mental impulse,
like the shoot springing from an invisible seed is the 'voice that sees'
(pashyanti). The potential sound, which is the vehicle of thought, is the
'intermediary voice' (madhyama). The exteriorized sound in the form of
articulate syllables is the 'voice manifest' (vaikhari)." [Karapatri "Sri
ref. to Brhaspatismrti, an important early text on
I always meditate upon the God Shukra, the knower
of all truths.
Rescue me quickly Oh Shukra, Lord of the houses
of Tula and Vrisa, and sound counsellor to all demons. Whose one eye
was safeguarded by the grace of Kesava, who is the wearer of the crown
and of white substance.
Whose beneficial influence on the various constellations
is for the duration of twenty years, one having eight vargas, the
poet, beneficent planet for marital bliss, inimical to Surya and Brhaspati,
who while in navamsha, hora, drekana, vakra, nicaj, ucca,
svaksetra, varakendra, and in the mulatrikone ... and while
in the different amshas, trimsamsha, sastyamsha, airavatamsha,
pariyatamsha, gopuramsha, bestows royalty and kingdoms and delights
Although the preceptor of the demons, Shukra was
a Brahmin and as such a repository of the knowledge of the Vedas. When
Kaca broke out from Shukra's stomach after having been burnt and pulverized
by the demons and consumed with wine which was drunk by Shukra, Kaca saw
the pile of Vedic knowledge which was the fallen dead man. With the secret
formula for reviving the dead he caused him to come to life again. Kaca
then bowed to his Guru and said, "The Guru is the giver of unsurpassed
truth, the treasury of the four-fold riches of knowledge, worthy of respect.
Those who do not respect him go to the bottomless evil worlds." [Mahabharata
Constellations Libra and Taurus
A name for Vishnu; Shukra lost one of his eyes when
Vishnu appearing as Vamana, his fifth incarnation, thrust Mahabali a demon
down to the netherworld and Shukra tried to obstruct it.
ref. to ududasha system in which each planet presides
over a particular period (dasha) of time. According to Mantreshvara these
are: Surya 6 years, Chandra 10, Mangala 7, Rahu 18, Brhaspati 16, Shani
19, Budha 17, Ketu 7 and Shukra 20. Each of these main periods is divided
into smaller sub-periods (bhuktis) and each sub-period is divided into
smaller periods (antara). The antara are again subdivided into antarantaras,
and so on until the swara or the period necessary for the inhaling and
exhaling of breath is reached. Thus the planets individually and collectively
exercise controls over all time-spans of existence.
ref. to astavarga, a system of ongoing horoscopy;
pertaining to this system Pingree gives the following account: "As described
in the Yavanajataka this system is identical with the Western theory of
the revolution of the years of the nativity in which one uses the transits
of the planets through the places they occupied at the original of the
birth-horoscope.... The basic idea is to cast a new horoscope at the end
of each year, month, day or other appropriate time-interval of the native's
life and to compare it with the horoscope at his birth.... Transit is the
entry of a planet into a sign occupied by a particular planet in the birth-horoscope."
Love, one of the principles of existence (sattvani),
is assigned to Shukra. "...life, love, knowledge, speech, truthfullness,
ignorance and mind; they pervade respectively the Sun, Venus, Jupiter,
Mercury, Mars, Saturn and the Moon." [Yavanajataka I-112]
These terms refer to measurements of arc as determined
from the first point of Aries, the 'vernal equinox'. This is the point
at which the path of the Sun crosses from the South to the North of the
celestial equator. All measurements are made on the ecliptic. Navamsha
is 1/9th of 30 degrees = 3 degrees 20 mintues; hora is 1/2 of 30 degrees
= 15 degrees; drekana is 1/3 of 30 degrees = 10 degrees.
Retrograde motion of planet
(lit. 'in a low position') dejection
(lit. 'high' or 'elevated') position of exaltation;
this is located 180 degrees opposite from the position of dejection
The ruling houses of Shukra, Libra and Taurus
The best cardines; of the 12 places on the Zodiac,
cardines 1, 4, 7 and 10
Base-triplicity; "the mulatrikonas of Mars, the Moon,
the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter and Saturn are, in order, Aries, Taurus,
Leo, Virgo, Libra, Saggitarius and Aquarius." [Yavanajataka I-62]
one half degree
These terms refer to particular combinations of the
vargas for the planets. According to the 10 varga (dashavarga) system,
Mantreshvara says "whether a planet is in its friendly house, its own house,
or in its exaltation house, a combination of 2 vargas is called pariyatamsha,
that of 4 is called gopuramsha, that of 6 airavatamsha."
I always meditate upon the slow-moving Shani,
the son of Surya and the courageous one.
Who causes fear in people plunged in the ocean
of worldly existence, and is the harbinger of calamitous events. Who
grants uniquely auspicious rewards for devotees favored by Shiva's benign
Who with a body of dark lustre like collyrium,
brother of Yama, riding on his vehicle the Crow, decorated with blue dress
and a blue flower wreath, with ornaments embedded with blue stones, who
is worshipped by Malini and delights Guruguha. Lord of the two houses
of Makara and Kumbha, with special liking for the lamp lit with sesame
oil and for rice with sesame seeds, an ocean of nectar of compassion
and fearless. Whose knee was disfigured by the staff of the Lord of Death,
like Kamadhenu yielding all desires, the fire capable of splitting the
time-wheel, and one conceived of as the son of the Goddess Chaya.
Shani's knee was disfigured as a result of a fight
with his brother Yama, God of the dead. Hence Shani is called 'Shanaiscara'
Shani is the planet influencing suicide.
A black sandal-paste mixture
According to Parthasarathy, this name was assumed
by Draupadi heroine of the Mahabharata and wife of the five Pandava brothers.
While in exile with her husbands she suffered untold privations and indignities
while living at the palace of King Virata. Under her assumed name Malini
she worshipped Shani to alleviate her from her sufferings.
Constellations Capricorn and Aquarius
Foods for offering oblations to Shani
The sacred wish-granting cow, bestower of all wishes
A figure of speech symbolizing Shani's power to interrupt
or delay the progress of time; this power prevents a normal progress towards
death, such as caused by calamitous events or suicide
(* Prof. Ramanathan argues convincingly that this
kriti is not original, but was rather composed and added by one of Dikshitar's
rAga: rAmapriyA (ramAmanohari) / tAla: rUpaka
smarAmy aham sadA rAhuM sUryacandravIkSyaM vikRtadeham
I am constantly reminded of Rahu who seizes Surya
and Chandra, and is deformed.
Who is both God and demon, who removes all
ills, and dispels danger from poisonous creatures like serpents. Who does
good to those who worship him seated in his grain-sieve and bears the
Who with a dreadful face, harsh, directing his
compassionate side-glance when worshipped with the Kayana mantra, with
four hands and carrying the sword and shield. Who is attired in blue cloth
and dress made of leather, who wears ornaments made of Gomedaka gems,
the friendly planet of Shani and Shukra, and who delights Guruguha.
The planets Rahu and Ketu are the ascending and descending
nodes, the points where the path of the Moon crosses the ecliptic and as
a result causes eclipses. These demons are regarded as constantly chasing
Surya and Chandra, to seize them, and when they catch up swallow them.
Rahu and Ketu are the upper and lower parts of the
body of a demon dragon which was cut into two by Vishnu. Rahu is therefore
called 'dragon's head' and Ketu 'dragon's tail'. The following episode
from the Mahabharata describes this event. "As the Gods were drinking the
ambrosia which they so desired, a demon named Rahu took the form of a god
and began to drink, but when the ambrosia reached his throat, the Moon
and the Sun reported it, for they wished to help the gods, and the lord
Vishnu took his discus and cut off the well-adorned head of that demon
who was drinking the ambrosia he had obtained by force. The great head
of the demon, which was like the peak of a mountain, fell to earth. The
severed head rose up to the sky, roaring terribly, but the headless torso
of the demon fell and split open the surface of the earth, causing a tremor
throughout the earth with its mountains forests and islands. Since then
there has been a deadly enmity between the head of Rahu and the Moon and
Sun, and the immortal head swallows them up even today." [Mahabharata I.15-17]
A god for having drunk ambrosia (amritam) and a demon
A grain sifter having a wooden frame of the shape
shown in the line-configuration for Rahu
ref. to mantra text for Rahu
A gemstone of the mineral 'hessonite', one of the
lime-aluminum varieties of garnet; colors honey, brownish, cinnamon; found
mostly in Ceylon
(* Prof. Ramanathan argues convincingly that this
kriti is not original, but was rather composed and added by one of Dikshitar's
I worship Ketu, the great demon who is foremost of
the shadow planets.
Who wears a peculiar crown and auspicious dress.
Who is happy in his part human-like body and is friendly in the group of
Who is adored by the Ketum-krinvan mantra,
who is exceedingly wrathful, a descendent of Jaimini, who savours his
grain, and has his flag with the cut-out triangle. Who bears the fan
of Guruguha, whose distinction lies in his discernment of good and bad,
who causes eclipses and moves in a counterclockwise direction.
The planets causing eclipses
ref. to mantra text for Ketu
Disciple of Vyasa, compiler of the Vedas; the significance
of this relationship however remains unclear
A coarse horse-grain (kuluttha) used for offering
oblations to Ketu
The fan is a symbol for imparting pleasure, as this
brings relief from the heat. Ketu as the holder of the fan gives pleasure
astottara-shata-nama-vali (108 names)
of each graha
Propitiation of the Sun (Sunday)
CHARITY: Donate wheat, or sugar candy to a middle
aged male government leader at 12:00 noon on a Sunday.
FASTING: On Sundays, especially during Sun transits
and major or minor Sun periods.
MANTRA: To be chanted on Sunday morning at sunrise,
especially during Sun transits and major or minor Sun periods: